Menopausal management through group dynamics as intervention program

Sub Title:

Author: Macuro, Teresita O.

Accession Number: 1315D

Class No:

Author No: M

Copyright Year: 2008

Abstract:

This study on menopausal management through group dynamics as intervention program aimed to minimize or alleviate menopausal difficulties. This quasi-experimental research was conducted from mid July to September 2007, among 30 menopausal women aging 39-60. This study utilized the randomized one-group pre-test-post test design. Four data-gathering instruments were employed to measure and determine the level of stress, well-being, self-esteem and personality characteristics of participants. Group Dynamics was conducted for eight consecutive weeks, with one session per week. Structured learning experiences were used as standard procedures in the conduct of the sessions. Ten informants were likewise interviewed to supplement the quantitative data. Most symptoms experienced by women were found to be mental and emotional such as mood swings, nervousness, irritability, migraine, palpitation, tiredness or fatigue, and hypertension. After the Intervention Program, the same symptoms were experienced by the participants; these symptoms had been minimized or felt to a lesser degree. The results of the study show that prior to the Intervention Program, the stress levels of the participants were found to be moderate, their sense of well-being were average, while self-esteem was high. After the Intervention Program, the stress levels of the participants were still moderate, while their sense of well-being was found to be "average" except in the size of the family where participants belonging to small family size shifted from "average" to "High" sense of well-being. The post-exposure self-esteem of the participants sowed "high" mean scores except in educational background where participants grouped in post. Tertiary shifted from "high" to "very high" self-esteem. Positive increases/ improvements were observed in the participants` sense of well-being and self-esteem after exposure to the Intervention Program, while the significant decrease in the stress level of the participants taken as an entire group also implied improvement. Majority of the participants showed a blend of melancholic and phlegmatic before the Intervention Program. After the Intervention, some of the participants showed significant change in their blend of personalities, mostly from melancholic-phlegmatic to sanguine-choleric. Group dynamics as an intervention program was founded to be effective in alleviating or minimizing menopausal difficulties of women participants in the study.


Keywords: Menopausal management, group dynamics, intervention program, structured learning experiences

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