Exploring the suicide phenomenon :

Sub Title: basis for the development of a counseling program

Author: Palma, Bonna S.

Accession Number: 1441D

Class No:

Author No: P

Copyright Year: 2011

Abstract:

This qualitative study conducted in May 2010 sought to find out the characteristics of the suicide attempers,the precipitating factors that trigger them to attempt suicide, their coping mechanism, the role of the significant others in their healing, the insights gained from the experience and the post intervention services availed after the incident. The informant who are in their adolescent and early adulthood came from the provinces and districts of Iloilo,province of Guimaras, Antique, and Negros Occidental. Data gathering strategies used were the researcher-made interview guide and the focused-group discussion using photo essay which summarized the commonalities among informants. The study revealed that the attempters are college students taking different courses; three are eldest, another three are middle children,one an only child. Most of the informants economically sufficient families; they were typical college students doing usual activities of a normal teenager with varying circumstances of family background and economic status in life; they also experienced hardship, difficulties, pain, anger, joy, and happiness just like any average teenager but lack the ability to cope with the overwhelming situations and problems; they experienced moments of emptiness and psychological hopelessness; and they also experienced severe physical maltreatment and varied emotional abuse. Strained or failed romantic relationship had added to the realization of their suicidal adeations resulting to emotional instability, identity crisis, poor coping mechanisms, lack of focus and goals in life, and depression due to being preoccupied by problems, anger and sadness. They resorted to drinking alcoholic beverages, smoking, and using prohibited drugs when confronted with problems; these activities became their temporary refuge. But later on, they were able to cope with the aftermath by employing some coping strategies such as: taking and opening up their problems with those they considered significant others; sharing with friends when depressed, laughing, and mingling with other people.Their friends became their shoulders to lean on; their immediate family members and relatives were their wings who offered financial, moral and emotional support; and their teachers and classmates were their lifeline as they were wholeheartedly accepted for who they are--warts and all. The informants' painful experiences of their attempt to end their lives helped them gain insights and realized that their is more to life. They started to dream of having a better life, finish their studies, have a stable job, create and build better relationship with their parents, siblings, classmates, and the people around them. They also hope to have their own family in the future, help and send their siblings to school and live a life free from pain, fear and depression. Among the eight informants, only one received a formal post intervention service, while other received the usual care and acceptance from the significant others who accepted them for what happened and what they had done.


Keywords: Suicide phenomenon, suicide attempers coping mechanism, counseling program

Citation:



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