Landscapes and lives in transition :

Sub Title: effect of land use conversion on farmers

Author: Amor, John Gilbert C.

Accession Number: 1496D

Class No:

Author No: A

Copyright Year: 2013

Abstract:

This study in nature directing towards the formulation of a substantiated theory on landscapes and lives transition: effects of land use conversion on farmers in one of the barangays in Zaraga, Iloilo. The participants were the six farmers who were selected through purposeful sampling design using a snowball method. Every participant represented a family who tenanted a piece of land within a ten-hectar area located in one barangays of the town. For a substantial and deeper study, construtionism and interpretivism were utilized as a theoretical research perspective to grounded theory for the research design and data-generation, which included in-depth interview and triangulation though focus group discussion. A semi-structured interview guide was prepared for the in-depth interview. Results showed that there were changes in the economic lives of farmers after the land use conversion based on their economic activities and income and expenditures. For the economic activities before the land use conversion, farmers focused work in the field most of the time while working together. These activities remained the same after the land use conversion in a prior situation; however, loss of their major source of livelihood which was the rice from created economic changes. At present, farmers and some members of their families still engage in work in the field on a land which is not their own. Income and expenditures were indicated by he farmers' practice of living within their means through expenditure adjustment before the land use conversion up to present as loss of their major means of livelihood resulted in their income and expenditures. Changes in the social ;lives of farmers were focused on values and attitudes practiced before the land use conversion, after the land use conversion in a prior situation and at present situation. The farmers valued the gratuitous offers of help from others, which usually ocrured in the farm before the land use conversion. After the land was taken back by the landowner, the farmers dispersed from the land where they used to live closely together but the value still apply this in dealing with their neighbors, mostly during special occasions. Attitudes also revealed that farmers possessed positive attitudes towards one another before the land use conversion and up to the present. Their deep-rooted cooperation while living and working in the farm strengthened their behavior; hence, no dispute or misunderstanding occurred among them. After the land use conversion in a prior situation, dispersion occurred but the farmers still displayed positive behavior through the spirit of cooperation even though they seldom met. This positive attitude is still observed by the farmers at present when dealing with one another. Environmental changes with regards to pollution were not justified since the present level of pollution is the same as when the land was not converted. Water supply is also still abundant as stated by the farmers, especially by those who are presently residing along the periphery of the ten-hectare land. On the other hand, the farmers defined some of the environmental disturbances. Congested housing at present affect the farmers' lifestyle especially in the way they use water. Most people use water from their own sources for cooking, washing, and bathing while for the safety of their health, processed water is used by some of them for drinking. Flooding also disturbed their daily activities. Edible fauna and flora at present could not found in the area because the land is occupied by houses and grasses. The farmers attributed the changes in their environmental lives to place where they were relocated. The study also focused on the physical change which answered the question on how land use conversion transformed the physical landscape of the Municipality of Zarraga. At present, the farmers attribute reduction of farm land to land use conversion while emphasizing the dominance of agricultural land before the land use conversion. Maps support the farmers opinion regarding the decrease of the agricultural land when the two existing zoning maps were compared. The overall theory based on the changes in the economy, socialization, as well as the environment on the lives of the displaced farmers, and the physical landscape of the municipality of Zaragga effected by land use conversion was formulated and stated: At present, the affected farmers who experienced worse life when compared to their situation before the land use conversion are living with retained attachment to the lost farmland known as the land attachment theory. This theory bounded by four factors: economic factor, social factor, environmental factor, and physical landscape factor. For the economic factor, farmers at present are still relying on work to the field in order to survive. For the social factor, farmers are still valuing rapport with others, which they have been practicing while working and living in the farm. For the environmental factor, the farmers are suffering from some types of environmental disturbances such as noise, lack of space, and changes in the use of water supply due to congested housing and flood. For the physical landscape factor, the farmers emphasize the loss of farms as land conversion continues. The study further revealed that land use conversion has affected the lives of the people who used to live on the land converted. It is recommended that before farmland is converted to other uses,a thorough study must be conducted as to whether it must be converted or not, considering that doing so will have a great impact on the lives of the people who depend on it for their livelihood and survival.


Keywords: Land use conversion, effects of land use conversion

Citation:



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