Societal and personal attitudes of elementary teachers toward persons with disabilities.

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Author: Losabia, Jaylord S.

Accession Number: 15795T

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Copyright Year: 2014

Abstract:

This descriptive-correlational study determined the societal and personal attitudes of elementary teachers in the Division of Iloilo City. A total of 321 randomly selected respondents who are public elementary school teachers participated in the study. To gather data, two instruments were used. Modified versions of the Attitudes Toward Disabled Persons Scale (ATDP) Yuker and Block (1970) was used to assess the societal attitudes toward persons with disabilities, while the Interaction with Disabled Person Scale by Gething (1991) was used to measure the personal attitudes toward persons with disabilities. Mean and standard deviation were the descriptive statistics while the T-tests for independent Samples, One way ANOVA and Pearson's r Correlation, all set at .05 level of significance, were the inferential statistics used. The results revealed that whether taken as an entire group or classified according to sex, age, educational level, contact and types of disability, both the societal and personal attitudes of elementary teachers toward persons with disabilities were negative. No significant difference existed on the societal attitudes of elementary teachers when they were grouped according to sex, age, contact and type of disablity. However, a significant difference was found on the societal attitudes if the respondents were grouped according to educational level, indicating that those with graduate school units or degree manifested less negative societal attitudes toward persons with disabilities. Moreover, there was no significant difference in the personal attitudes toward persons with disabilties if the respondents were classified according to sex, age, educational level, contact and type of disability. The results also indicated a significant positive relationship between the societal and personal attitudes of elementary teachers toward persons with disabilities.


Keywords: Attitudes towards persons with disabilities

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