Fieldwork as a strategy in college science teaching

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Author: Obien, Ginalyn J.

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Copyright Year: 2010

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The study employed the descriptive research design to find out the students’ skills, and attitudes in their science subjects with and without fieldwork, problems in the teaching of science, and the teachers’ reasons and problems associated with fieldwork. The respondents were the 354 randomly selected college students in a state university in Central Panay who took their science subject during the first semester of S.Y. 2009-2010 and were classified according to gender, year level, course, campus, and experience in the conduct of fieldwork. The respondents also included the 51 randomly selected science teachers who were classified according to gender, age, campus, highest educational attainment, level of experience, and subject loads. The data were gathered through the use of a validated instrument. Descriptive statistics used were frequency counts, percentage, ranking, mean, and standard deviation. To test the significant difference among the variables, the researcher employed the t-test for independent samples set at 0.05 alpha levels. The findings of the study showed that the skills of students who do fieldwork and those who do not showed no significant difference. The results of the study led the researcher to conclude that the students’ skills in their science subjects like knowledge, procedural skills, communication skills, and observational skills were commendable whenever they are exposed to fieldwork activities. On the other hand, their attitudes such as teamwork and discipline, were found to be highly positive and they considerably have a very highly positive towards respect for others. Further results revealed, that the skills of students who were not exposed to fieldwork were also outstanding and they were highly positive in their attitudes towards teamwork, discipline, and respect for others. Stimulating students’ higher level understanding of matter encountered elsewhere and stimulating among the students an attitude of appreciation, concern, and valuing of particular environments encountered in the field were among the reasons why teachers conduct fieldwork. Moreover, science teachers realizing the possible risks of bringing students outside the school and the lack of support from the administration were the main reasons that hindered them from conducting fieldwork in any of their science subjects. The researcher found out that science teachers conduct fieldwork for their students to be given the opportunity to practice fieldwork techniques. Due to the possible risks of danger when the students are brought outside the real world and the inadequacy of equipment to be used during the activities were among the reasons why most of the teachers do not conduct fieldwork. Additional expenses, safety during travel, bad weather condition, availability of time, and the inadequacy of equipment were the usual problems encountered by both students and teachers in the conduct of fieldwork.


Keywords: Fieldwork, College science teaching

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